Jogos a Dinheiro – Rede de Responsabilidade Social

Adolescent gambling behaviour, a single latent construct and indicators of risk: findings from a national survey of New Zealand high school students

Título: Adolescent gambling behaviour, a single latent construct and indicators of risk: findings from a national survey of New Zealand high school students
Autores: Fiona V. Rossen, Mathijs F. G. Lucassen, Theresa M. Fleming, Janie Sheridan, Simon J. Denny
Ano: 2016


This study explores underlying latent construct/s of gambling behaviour, and identifies indicators of “unhealthy gambling”. Data were collected from Youth’07 a nationally representative sample of New Zealand secondary school students (N = 9107). Exploratory factor analyses, item-response theory analyses, multiple indicators-multiple causes, and differential item functioning analyses were used to assess dimensionality of gambling behaviour, underlying factors, and indicators of unhealthy gambling. A single underlying continuum of gambling behaviour was identified. Gambling frequency and ‘gambling because I can’t stop’ were most strongly associated with unhealthy gambling. Gambling to ‘feel better about myself’ and to ‘forget about things’ provided the most precise discriminants of unhealthy gambling. Multivariable analyses found that school connectedness was associated with lower levels of unhealthy gambling.


  1. Abbott, M., Bellringer, M., Garrett, N., & Mundy-McPherson, S. (2014). New Zealand 2012 national gambling study: Gambling harm and problem gambling. Report Number Two. Auckland: Gambling and Addictions Research Centre, Auckland University of Technology.Google Scholar
  2. Abbott, M., & Volberg, R. A. (2000). Taking the pulse on gambling and problem gambling in New Zealand: A report on phase one of the 1999 national prevalence survey (Report number three of the New Zealand Gaming Survey). Wellington: The Department of Internal Affairs.Google Scholar
  3. Adams, P., Rossen, F., Perese, L., Townsend, S., Brown, R., & Garland, J. (2004). Gambling impact assessment for seven Auckland territorial authorities. Part one: introduction and overview. Auckland: Centre for Gambling Studies, University of Auckland.Google Scholar
  4. Adolescent Health Research Group. (2008). Youth’07: The health and wellbeing of secondary school students in New Zealand. Technical report. Auckland: The University of Auckland.Google Scholar
  5. Bech, P., Olsen, L. R., Kjoller, M., & Rasmussen, N. K. (2003). Measuring well-being rather than the abscence of distress symptoms: A comparison of the SF-36 Mental Health subscale and the WHO-Five Well-Being Scale. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 12(2), 85–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blaszczynski, A., & Nower, L. (2002). A pathways model of problem and pathological gambling. Addiction, 97(5), 487–499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Blinn-Pike, L., Worthy, S. L., & Jonkman, J. N. (2010). Adolescent gambling: A review of an emerging field of research. Journal of Adolescent Health, 47(3), 223–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Darling, H., Reeder, A. I., McGee, R., & Williams, S. (2006). Brief report: Disposable income, and spending on fast food, alcohol, cigarettes, and gambling by New Zealand secondary school students. Journal of Adolescence, 29, 834–843.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Delfabbro, P., Lahn, J., & Grabosky, P. (2005). Further evidence concerning the prevalence of adolescent gambling and problem gambling in Australia: A study of the ACT. International Gambling Studies, 5(2), 209–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2000). Youth gambling: A clinical and research perspective. Journal of Gambling Issues, 2, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Derevensky, J. L., Gupta, R., & Winters, K. (2003). Prevalence rates of youth gambling problems: Are the current rates inflated? Journal of Gambling Studies, 19(4), 405–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dickson, L., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2008). Youth gambling problems: Examining risk and protective factors. International Gambling Studies, 8(1), 25–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Floros, G., Siomos, K., Fisoun, V., & Geroukalis, D. (2013). Adolescent online gambling: The impact of parental practices and correlates with online activities. Journal of Gambling Studies, 29(1), 131–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. (1998a). Adolescent gambling behavior: A prevalence study and examination of the correlates associated with problem gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(4), 319–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. (1998b). An empirical examination of Jacobs’ general theory of addictions: Do adolescent gamblers fit the theory? Journal of Gambling Studies, 14(1), 17–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. (2000). Adolescents with gambling problems: From research to treatment. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16(2/3), 315–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gupta, R., Nower, L., Derevensky, J. L., Blaszczynski, A., Faregh, N., & Temcheff, C. (2013). Problem gambling in adolescents: An examination of the pathway model. Journal of Gambling Studies, 29, 575–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Health Sponsorship Council. (2012). New Zealanders’ knowledge, views and experience of gambling and gambling harm: Results from the 2010 health and lifestyles survey.Wellington, New Zealand: Health Sponsorship Council. Retrieved from
  19. Huang, J.-H., & Boyer, R. (2007). Epidemiology of youth gambling problems in Canada: A national prevalence study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry – Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, 52(10), 657–665.Google Scholar
  20. Jacobs, D. F. (2000). Juvenile gambling in North America: An analysis of long term trends and future prospects. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16(2–3), 119–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lussier, I., Derevensky, J. L., Gupta, R., Bergevin, T., & Ellenbogen, S. (2007). Youth gambling behaviors: An examination of the role of resilience. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 21(2), 165–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Messerlian, C., & Derevensky, J. (2005). Youth gambling: A public health perspective. Journal of Gambling Issues,. doi: 10.4309/jgi.2005.14.9.Google Scholar
  23. Muthen, L., & Muthen, B. (1998–2007). Mplus user’s guide (5th edn.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthen & Muthen.Google Scholar
  24. Norris, M. L. (2007). HEADSS up: Adolescents and the internet. Paediatrics and Child Health, 12(3), 211–216.Google Scholar
  25. Orford, J. (2011). An unsafe bet? The dangerous rise of gambling and the debate we should be having. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
  26. Raisamo, S., Halme, J., Murto, A., & Lintonen, T. (2013). Gambling-related harms among adolescents: A population-based study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 29, 151–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Salmond, C., Crampton, P., Sutton, F., & Atkinson, J. (2006). NZDep2006 census area unit data. Retrieved Sept 19, 2006, from
  28. Shead, N. W., Derevensky, J. L., & Gupta, R. (2010). Risk and protective factors associated with youth problem gambling. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine & Health,22(1), 39–58.Google Scholar
  29. Splevins, K., Mireskandari, S., Clayton, K., & Blaszczynski, A. (2010). Prevalence of adolescent problem gambling, related harms and help-seeking behaviours among an Australian population. Journal of Gambling Studies, 26(2), 189–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ste-Marie, C., Derevensky, J., & Gupta, R. (2002). Anxiety and social stress related to adolescent gambling behavior. International Gambling Studies, 2, 123–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Turchi, R. M., & Derevensky, J. L. (2006). Youth gambling: Not a safe bet. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 18(4), 454–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Volberg, R., Gupta, R., Griffiths, M., Ólason, D., & Delfabbro, P. (2010). An international perspective on youth gambling prevalence studies. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine & Health, 22(1), 3–38.Google Scholar

Fonte: Springer
Rede de Responsabilidade Social (RRS)

Related Posts

Leave A Response