Jogos a Dinheiro – Rede de Responsabilidade Social

Teacher Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Adolescent Risky Behaviours: Is Adolescent Gambling Perceived to be a Problem?

Título: Teacher Awareness and Attitudes Regarding Adolescent Risky Behaviours: Is Adolescent Gambling Perceived to be a Problem?
Autores: Jeffrey L. Derevensky, Renee A. St-Pierre, Caroline E. Temcheff, Rina Gupta
Data: 2014


Despite legislative prohibitions, there is empirical evidence that youth gamble on both regulated and unregulated activities. The current survey was designed to assess teachers’ awareness and attitudes regarding adolescent gambling and other high-risk behaviours. Three-hundred and ninety teachers from Ontario and Quebec, with experience teaching students aged 12–18, completed an online survey. Results suggest that teachers are aware of the fact that youth gamble. Furthermore, they recognized the addictive nature of gambling and their subsequent consequences. Despite overestimating the proportion of youth experiencing gambling problems, gambling was viewed as being the least serious of issues affecting youth, with drug use and school violence topping the list. Almost half of respondents indicated that gambling in school can constitute a good learning activity. In regards to prevention, all other risky behaviours and academic problems were perceived as issues needing greater attention than gambling. These results, which are largely consistent with findings from a previous study examining parental perceptions of adolescent risky behaviours, suggest a need for greater awareness and teacher education.


  1. Biggs, B. K., Vernberg, E. M., Twemlow, S. W., Fonagy, P., & Dill, E. J. (2008). Teacher adherence and its relation to teacher attitudes and student outcomes in an elementary school-based violence prevention program. School Psychology Review, 37(4), 533–549.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell, C., Derevensky, J., Meerkamper, E., & Cutajar, J. (2011). Parents’ perceptions of adolescent gambling: A Canadian national study. Journal of Gambling Issues, 25, 36–53. doi:10.4309/jgi.2011.25.4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Campbell, C., Derevensky, J., Meerkamper, E., & Cutajar, J. (2012). The influence of cultural background on parental perceptions of adolescent gambling behaviour: A Canadian study. International Journal of Mental Health and Addictions, 10, 537–550. doi:10.1007/s11469-011-9337-2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. DeHaan, L., & Boljevac, T. (2009). Alcohol use among rural middle school students: Adolescents, parents, teachers and community leaders’ perceptions. Journal of School Health, 79, 58–66. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00377.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Delfabbro, P., Lambos, C., King, D., & Puglies, S. (2009). Knowledge and beliefs about gambling in Australian secondary school students and their implications for education strategies. Journal of Gambling Studies, 25, 523–539. doi:10.1007/s10899-009-9141-0.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Delfabbro, P., & Thrupp, L. (2003). The social determinants of youth gambling in South Australian adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 26, 313–330. doi:10.106/S0140-1971(03)00013-7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Derevensky, J. (2012). Teen gambling: Understanding a growing epidemic. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing.Google Scholar
  8. Derevensky, J., Gupta, R., & Winters, K. (2003). Prevalence rates of youth gambling problems: Are the current rates inflated? Journal of Gambling Studies, 19, 405–425. doi:10.1023/A:1026379910094.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Derevensky, J., Shek, D., & Merrick, J. (2011). Youth gambling: The hidden addiction. Berlin: De Gruyter.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Graham, A., Phelps, R., Maddison, C., & Fitzgerald, R. (2011). Supporting children’s mental health in schools: Teacher views. Teachers and Teaching, 17, 479–496. doi:10.1080/13540602.2011.580525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (1996). The relationship between gambling behaviour and video-game playing in children and adolescents. Journal of Gambling Studies12, 375–394. doi:10.1007/BF01539183.Google Scholar
  12. Gupta, R., & Derevensky, J. L. (2008). Gambling practices among youth: Etiology, prevention and treatment. In C. A. Essau (Ed.), Adolescent addiction: Epidemiology, assessment and treatment (pp. 207–230). London: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hektner, J. M., & Swenson, C. A. (2012). Links from teacher beliefs to peer victimization and bystander intervention: Tests of mediating processes. Journal of Early Adolescence32, 516–536. doi:10.1177/0272431611402502.Google Scholar
  14. Jackson, A., Dowling, N., Thomas, S., Bond, L., & Patton, G. (2008). Adolescent gambling behaviour and attitudes: A prevalence study and correlates in an Australian population. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 6, 325–352. doi:10.1007/s11469-008-9149-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jacobs, D. F. (2004). Youth gambling in North America: Long-term trends and future prospects. In J. L. Derevensky & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth: Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. 1–24). New York: Klewer Academic/Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Kidger, J., Donovan, J. L., Biddle, L., Campbell, R., & Gunnell, D. (2009). Supporting adolescent emotional health in schools: A mixed methods study of student and staff views in England. BMC Public Health, 9, 403–421. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-403.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ladouceur, R., Ferland, F., Côté, M.-A., & Vitaro, F. (2004). Teachers’ knowledge and training needs regarding youth gambling. School Psychology International, 25, 472–479. doi:10.1177/0143034304048780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Magoon, M. E., & Ingersoll, G. M. (2006). Parental modeling, attachment, and supervision as moderators of adolescent gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22, 1–22. doi:10.1007/s10899-005-9000-6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moodie, C., & Finnigan, F. (2006). Prevalence and correlates of youth gambling in Scotland. Addiction Research & Theory, 14, 365–385. doi:10.1080/16066350500498015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Olason, D. T., Sigurdardottir, K. J., & Smari, J. (2006). Prevalence estimates of gambling participation and problem gambling among 16–18-year-old students in Iceland: A comparison of the SOGS-RA and DSM-IV-MR-J. Journal of Gambling Studies22, 23–39. doi:10.1007/s10899-005-9001-5.Google Scholar
  21. Roeser, R. W., & Midgley, C. (1997). Teachers’ views of issues involving students’ mental health. Elementary School Journal98(2), 115–133.Google Scholar
  22. Shaffer, H. J., Forman, D. P., Scanlan, K. M., & Smith, F. (2000). Awareness of gambling-related problems, policies and educational programs among high school and college administrators. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16, 93–101. doi:10.1023/A:1009435518147.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Skokauskas, N., & Satkeviciute, R. (2007). Adolescent pathological gambling in Kaunas, Lithuania. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 61, 86–91. doi:10.1080/08039480701226054.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Splevins, K., Mireskandari, S., Clayton, K., & Blaszczynski, A. (2010). Prevalence of adolescent problem gambling, related harms and help-seeking behaviours among an Australian population. Journal of Gambling Studies, 26, 189–204. doi:10.1007/s10899-009-9169-1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Stinchfield, R. (2011). Gambling among Minnesota public school students from 1992 to 2007: Declines in youth gambling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 108–117. doi:10.1037/a0021266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Turner, N., Macdonald, J., Bartoshuk, M., & Zangeneh, M. (2008). Adolescent gambling behaviour, attitudes, and gambling problems. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 6, 223–237. doi:10.1007/s11469-007-9117-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Vachon, J., Vitaro, F., Wanner, B., & Tremblay, R. E. (2004). Adolescent gambling: Relationships with parent gambling and parenting practices. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18, 398–401. doi:10.1037/0893-164X.18.4.398.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Volberg, R. A., Gupta, R., Griffiths, M. D., Ólason, D. T., & Delfabbro, P. (2010). An international perspective on youth gambling prevalence studies. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 22(1), 3–38.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Welte, J. W., Barnes, G. M., Tidwell, M. O., & Hoffman, J. H. (2008). The prevalence of problem gambling and young adults: Results from a national survey. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24, 119–133. doi:10.1007/s10899-007-9086-0.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wickwire, E. M., Whelan, J. P., Meyers, A. W., & Murray, D. M. (2007). Environmental correlates of gambling behaviour in urban adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35, 179–190. doi:10.1007/s10802-006-9065-4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fonte: Springer
Rede de Responsabilidade Social

Related Posts

Leave A Response