Demolishing the Competition: The Longitudinal Link Between Competitive Video Games, Competitive Gambling, and Aggression
The majority of research on the link between video games and aggression has focused on the violent content in games. In contrast, recent experimental research suggests that it is video game competition, not violence, that has the greatest effect on aggression in the short-term. However, no researchers have examined the long-term relationship between video game competition and aggression. In addition, if competition in video games is a significant reason for the link between video game play and aggression, then other competitive activities, such as competitive gambling, also may predict aggression over time. In the current study, we directly assessed the socialization (competitive video game play and competitive gambling predicts aggression over time) versus selection hypotheses (aggression predicts competitive video game play and competitive gambling over time). Adolescents (N = 1,492, 50.8 % female) were surveyed annually from Grade 9 to Grade 12 about their video game play, gambling, and aggressive behaviors. Greater competitive video game play and competitive gambling predicted higher levels of aggression over time, after controlling for previous levels of aggression, supporting the socialization hypothesis. The selection hypothesis also was supported, as aggression predicted greater competitive video game play and competitive gambling over time, after controlling for previous competitive video game play and competitive gambling. Our findings, taken together with the fact that millions of adolescents play competitive video games every day and that competitive gambling may increase as adolescents transition into adulthood, highlight the need for a greater understanding of the relationship between competition and aggression. … Fonte: Springer Email dos autores … . Desresponsabilização: Consideramos serviço público a difusão de estudos sobre prevalência do jogo patológico, pesquisa no domínio da terapia e jogo de fortuna ou azar online. A obtenção dos dados que publicamos resulta de uma monitorização permanente que fazemos aos centros de conhecimento que os realizam e a outras fontes de referência. Na sua divulgação reside a nossa convicção que poderão ser úteis para a realização de futuros trabalhos académicos ou científicos.Se, por algum motivo, os autores ou terceiros entenderem que esta partilha colide com qualquer direito de propriedade, ou outro, basta que nos transmitam e enviem uma exposição de motivos atendíveis para serem retirados imediatamente das nossas páginas.